To test something is to evaluate the functionality of it against some criteria. The process of software application testing is an exercise with the purpose of checking whether or not a system meets both the user and system requirements that were set out in the earlier stages of the system development life-cycle. The process of software application testing involves running and analyzing a system in various ways in a bid to identifying bugs and errors and to check for requirements that might have been missed in the development stage.
White box testing is testing that is based on the internal structure of a systems code and can also be known as glass box testing, clear box testing or structural testing. White box testing typically takes place at unit level and focuses on internal system testing.